“गड्यानो आपला मार्ग ठरला. आपल्या ध्येयासाठी सर्वांनी झटायचे,सर्वांनी खपायचे, सर्वांनी प्राण अर्पण करायलाही तयार व्हायचे. आपले हे ध्येय म्हणजे ‘हिंदवी स्वराज्य’ तुमचे, माझे, साऱ्यांचे स्वतंत्र राज्य स्थापन करायचे. परक्यांची गुलामी आता नको. उठा, या रायरेश्वराला साक्षी ठेवून आपण प्रतिज्ञा करू. स्वराज्यस्थापनेसाठी आता आम्ही आमचे सर्वस्व वाहणार.
हिंदवी स्वराज्याच्या रूपाने हे राज्य व्हावे, असे श्रींच्या मनात आहे.
श्रींचे मनोरथ आपण पूर्ण करूया!!”
Translation in English:
“Friends, now our path is clear. We shall all strive to attain our aim and work for it until it is achieved. We will have our own rule, our own kingdom. It will be yours, mine and everybody’s kingdom. We refuse to live as slaves anymore. Let us take this oath with Lord Raireshwar as a witness as we give ourselves completely to the great task of establishing our own kingdom.
God thinks that this kingdom should take shape as ‘Hindavi Swarajya’. We shall ensure that God’s wish is fulfilled.”
And, Shivaji Maharaj with his colleagues took the oath of Hindavi Swarajya (Hindu Kingdom) in this temple at just age of 16 in the year 1645.
That is how the revolution of Swarajya began in this temple of Raireshwar and then, Shivaji Maharaj and his Maratha Maavale conquered the Torna fort in Pune region in the same year. Later on, he also captured number of forts in sahyadri and established Hindu kingdom as per the oath and finally, become the king of Maratha empire.
INDEX OF THE BLOG
Raireshwar has a temple famous for its historical importance. It’s said that Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj had cut his little finger and taken the oath by dripping blood onto the Shivling of temple. Thus, Raireshwar played a part in Maratha’s history.
Deep valleys, very high pinnacles, huge plateau, long trunks, difficult turnings and dense trees make this area little difficult to explore it in the monsoon.
Therefore, apart from a historical event, Raireshwar is also one of the famous destination in Bhor region because of its natural heritage and hospitality of local people.
Under the guidance of mother Jijabai, Chhatrapati Shivaji realized that he must stand against the mighty Mughals in the north and Adil Shah in the south.
Therefore, he gathered some of his friends and visited the Raireshwar temple. During those days, the place was not easily accessible and hence provided a perfect spot to plan the rebellious movement, all the way back in 1645.
Though no written proof has been found, the local villagers still believe that Shivaji Maharaj cut his little finger while taking the oath to form a kingdom and guaranteed a safe and prosperous life for its citizens. Maharaj had gotten a priest from Karnataka, by the name of Shiva Jangam, who monitored the oath-taking by Shivaji Maharaj. And, it was interesting when we got to know that all 45 families on top of Raireshwar is Jangams now.
This historical temple located in an enormous plateau called ‘Raireshwar plateau’ which surrounded by thick woods and it lies in between Pune and Satara region at height of 4500ft above sea level. The base village for Raireshwar is Korle village in Bhor Taluka of the Pune region.
Out of the total land, around 3500 hectares belonged to locals who stay in Raireshwar plateau and the rest were under the forest department. School for local children build on the plateau and also the lifestyle of locals also very well developed due to the availability of electricity and other day to day needs.
There is a temple of Lord shiva on Raireshwar platue. This temple is situated rather deep in the interior, hence not seen in the first glance.
The temple is very old and of the stone structure, but it was later re-constructed in the 18th century. There is a large portrait of Shivaji Maharaj and his friends inside the temple.
Though the Raireshwar temple is a few centuries old, it’s totally different from the traditional structure as it is covered with only a metal roof. It is a very simple, non-descript and unglamorous place almost dilapidated not as grand as Taj Mahal.
It leads you to top of plateau through the ladder.
This series of ladders are placed on a tricky patch.
There are numbers of railings are placed at the exposed portion of the first ladder and then steps portion and even at the cliffs of top of the plateau.
When we reached the top of the plateau, we first come across this closed Checkpoint or resting point having a capacity of 2 people with Flagpoint at the cliff.
This path made of tiles that straight goes to the Raireshwar temple.
There is also the well-made temple of the local goddess that lies next to Raireshwar temple.
There are several ruins of Shivaling & Nandi at around Devi mandir.
STATUE OF SHIVAJI MAHARAJ
Currently, this statue of Maharaj is placed separately inside the Devi mandir for unknown reasons.
Even though it is an old picture, This was built just ahead of Devi Mandir.
SEVEN SOIL PLACE
This is another wonder of Raireshwar. At the end of the plateau, there is a portion where you can see 7 different colors of the soils.
Unfortunately, due to very bad weather, I’m not able to visit this point.You can watch it in the below video.
HOW TO REACH
PUNE – BHOR by Any Transport – KORLE by ST or Local Jeeps – RAIRESHWAR PLATUE by Private Vehicle or by Trek– RAIRESHWAR TEMPLE via Hike.
There are several transport options like State Transport buses and local jeeps to reach base village Korle from Bhor City.
You can catch Korle ST from Bhor ST stand and alight at Korle village.
Bhor ghat is filled with many cascades and mountains. The valleys are steep and roads, narrow. That makes the ride even more adventurous. The road soon leads to Raireshwar, a picturesque hamlet with lots of gems in it. There were rice fields spread across acres of lands and it was green everywhere.
(i) Korle Village Route
After walking straight about 10 minutes on tar road from Korle ST stand, you will have 2 roads, one is another tar road on the left through which you can reach directly to the base of Raireshwar plateau if you are coming by private vehicle.
Another is a natural trail that meeting the tar road just before Raireshwar plateau.
This easy trail route made for trekking purposes. It takes a maximum of 2 hours to reach Raireshwar plateau from Korle village by walk.
After reaching Raireshwar plateau by any one of the routes, it will take around 30 minutes to reach Raireshwar temple.
(ii) Titedharan Korle Route
You need to reach Ambawade village via Bhor by any public transport and you can reach on the Raireshwar plateau directly via Tite dam of korle village but it takes a maximum of 3 hours that makes it the hardest route to reach Raireshwar.
(iii) Rairi-Bhor Route
This is the rare route from village Rairi to reach Raireshwar. This route also is known as “Sambardaryachi Waat”.
SATARA – WAI by Any Transport – RAIRESHWAR PLATUE by ST or Local Jeeps – RAIRESHWAR TEMPLE via Hike.
There are both State Transport buses and local jeeps available from Wai village of Satara region that directly takes you to the Raireshwar Plateau.
TREKKING & ADVENTURE
Coming from Korle village vai Bhor, if you choose to visit by natural trail, it is an easy trek for even beginners and the scenery this trek offers is also quite mesmerizing in monsoon.
Trekking route is also very easy and wide & well made that give you beautiful sceneries of Kenjalgad and surrounding mountains along with some unknown seasonal waterfalls in the monsoon.
By the foot of Raireshwar plateau, one can reach it by private vehicle or by trekking from Korle village.
After straight 10 minutes of walking from Raireshwar Plateau, there are several steps are built followed by a couple of iron ladder in the last stage which lead us to the top of Raireshwar plateau. The trail from here to Raireshwar temple is well built by stiles and after walking for 5 minutes, we came across beautiful Gaumukh Lake. Moving ahead through the same path, we reach Raireshwar lord shiva temple in 10 minutes.
This trek is often combined with Kenjalgad trek to make it a two-day trek as there are camping and homestay facilities available at Raireshwar.
You can also do Raireshwar- Aswalkhind(Nakhind)- Kamthe range trek but you need to hire a guide from Raireshwar.
FOOD & WATER FACILITY
Local villagers provide simple marathi food on demand at cheap cost.
Mostly villagers use water that store in Gaumukh Tank which is good in taste and quality.
There is a big Dharmshala is built near the temple for visitors.Nearly 20 people can be accommodated in this Dharmshala but it doesn’t have any walls so it will be difficult to stay in Monsoon and winter season. But you can set up your tent there.
Vehicles can be parked at the village down.
Local villager Mr. Shivaji Jungam help in accommodation in his home and also arrange pure veg food and breakfast at the cheapest cost. You will also get Bathing and Washroom facilities at his home. You can take him as a guide or ask him any pieces of information regarding Raireshwar-Kenjalgad & other range treks or treks in surrounding mountains.
You can contact him if you are planning to visit Raireshwar or Kenjalgad.
View of Kenjalgad, Kamalgad, Rohida fort, Makrandgad, Pratapgad, Raigad, Rajgad, Torna fort, Lingana, Tung fort, Tikona fort, Lohagad and Visapur fort can been seen in very clear atmosphere.
The Hanging Bridge, Nageshwar temple and the monument of ‘Shri Shankaraji Narayan Sachiv’ must be seen in these surrounding village.
Final thought about Raireshwar:
“Even there is no historical proof of an Oath of Swarajya taken by Maharaj,
But the unique energy you will feel when you step in there.. Any words are worthless!!!”
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